Oral cancer is a disease resulting from abnormal cell growth in the mouth, lips, tongue or throat. In 2003, an estimated 3,100 new cases of oral cancers were identified in Canada, and about 1,090 deaths occurred as a result of the disease. People over the age of 45 are most at risk. The good news is that oral cancer can be treated successfully if caught early enough.
Signs and symptomsWhite or dark red patches in your mouth, or on your lips or tongue. Lumps or changes in the texture or colour of the mouth tissues. Bleeding or numbness in the mouth; sores or patches that do not heal. Difficulty swallowing; changes in taste or tongue sensation.
The actual cause of oral cancer is not known but risk factors include: Consumption of tobacco products (cigarettes, chewing tobacco, cigars, etc). Heavy alcohol consumption (It is especially dangerous to combine smoking and alcohol.) Oral sex Prolonged, repeated exposure of the lips to the sun. Poor diet; genetics and gender (more men develop the disease than women.) A history of leukoplakia - a thick, whitish-colour patch inside the mouth.
Diagnosis and treatment
Treatment depends on the severity and location of the disease, as well as the age and health of the patient. If oral cancer is suspected:A biopsy (surgical removal and microscopic examination) of the suspicious area may be taken. Imaging tests such as X-rays, ultra sounds, CT scans or MRIs may be taken. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery may be necessary to remove tumor(s).